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中华人民共和国宪法

来源: 0 阅读次数: 发布时间: 2017-04-20

中华人民共和国宪法


  (1982nian12yue4ridiwujiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiwucihuiyitongguo 1982nian12yue4riquanguorenmindaibiaodahuigonggaogongbushixing


  genju1988nian4yue12ridiqijiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、1993nian3yue29ridibajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、1999nian3yue15ridijiujiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiercihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、2004nian3yue14ridishijiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiercihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》he2018nian3yue11ridishisanjiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》xiuzheng)


mulu


  xuyan


  diyizhang zonggang


IM电竞   dierzhang gongmindejibenquanliheyiwu


  disanzhang guojiajigou


IM电竞   diyijie quanguorenmindaibiaodahui


  dierjie zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi


  disanjie guowuyuan


IM电竞   disijie zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui


  diwujie difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfu


  diliujie minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguan


  diqijie jianchaweiyuanhui


IM电竞   dibajie renminfayuanherenminjianchayuan


  disizhang guoqi、guoge、guohui、shoudou


序言


IM电竞   zhongguoshishijieshanglishizuiyoujiudeguojiazhiyi。zhongguogezurenmingongtongchuangzaoleguanghuicanlandewenhua,juyouguangrongdegemingchuantong。


IM电竞   yibasi○nianyihou,fengjiandezhongguozhujianbianchengbanzhimindi、banfengjiandeguojia。zhongguorenminweiguojiaduli、minzujiefangheminzhuziyoujinxingleqianpuhoujideyingyongfendou。


IM电竞   ershishiji,zhongguofashenglefantianfudideweidalishibiange。


  yijiuyiyiniansunzhongshanxianshenglingdaodexinhaigeming,feichulefengjiandizhi,chuanglilezhonghuaminguo。danshi,zhongguorenminfanduidiguozhuyihefengjianzhuyidelishirenwuhaimeiyouwancheng。


  yijiusijiunian,yimaozedongzhuxiweilingxiudezhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaijinglilezhangqidejiannanquzhedewuzhuangdouzhengheqitaxingshidedouzhengyihou,zhongyutuifanlediguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyiheguanliaozibenzhuyidetongzhi,qudelexinminzhuzhuyigemingdeweidashengli,jianlilezhonghuarenmingongheguo。congci,zhongguorenminzhangwoleguojiadequanli,chengweiguojiadezhuren。


IM电竞   zhonghuarenmingongheguochengliyihou,woguoshehuizhubushixianleyouxinminzhuzhuyidaoshehuizhuyideguodu。shengchanziliaosiyouzhideshehuizhuyigaizaoyijingwancheng,renboxuerendezhiduyijingxiaomie,shehuizhuyizhiduyijingqueli。gongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzheng,shizhishangjiwuchanjiejizhuanzheng,dedaogongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminhezhongguorenminjiefangjunzhanshenglediguozhuyi、baquanzhuyideqinlve、pohuaihewuzhuangtiaoxin,weihuleguojiadeduliheanquan,zengqiangleguofang。jingjijianshequdelezhongdadechengjiu,dulide、bijiaowanzhengdeshehuizhuyigongyetixiyijingjibenxingcheng,nongyeshengchanxianzhutigao。jiaoyu、kexue、wenhuadengshiyeyoulehendadefazhan,shehuizhuyisixiangjiaoyuqudelemingxiandechengxiao。guangdarenmindeshenghuoyoulejiaodadegaishan。


  zhongguoxinminzhuzhuyigemingdeshengliheshehuizhuyishiyedechengjiu,shizhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiangdezhiyinxia,jianchizhenli,xiuzhengcuowu,zhanshengxuduojiannanxianzuerqudede。woguojiangzhangqichuyushehuizhuyichujijieduan。guojiadegenbenrenwushi,yanzhezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu,jizhongliliangjinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe。zhongguogezurenminjiangjixuzaizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxia,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguan、xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzhiyinxia,jianchirenminminzhuzhuanzheng,jianchishehuizhuyidaolu,jianchigaigekaifang,buduanwanshanshehuizhuyidegexiangzhidu,fazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingji,fazhanshehuizhuyiminzhu,jianquanshehuizhuyifazhi,guanchexinfazhanlinian,ziligengsheng,jiankufendou,zhubushixiangongye、nongye、guofanghekexuejishudexiandaihua,tuidongwuzhiwenming、zhengzhiwenming、jingshenwenming、shehuiwenming、shengtaiwenmingxiediaofazhan,bawoguojianshechengweifuqiangminzhuwenminghexiemeilideshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing。


  zaiwoguo,boxuejiejizuoweijiejiyijingxiaomie,danshijiejidouzhenghaijiangzaiyidingfanweineizhangqicunzai。zhongguorenminduidishihepohuaiwoguoshehuizhuyizhidudeguoneiwaidediduishilihediduifenzi,bixujinxingdouzheng。


IM电竞   taiwanshizhonghuarenmingongheguodeshenshenglingtudeyibufen。wanchengtongyizuguodedayeshibaokuotaiwantongbaozaineidequanzhongguorenmindeshenshengzhize。


  shehuizhuyidejiansheshiyebixuyikaogongren、nongminhezhishifenzi,tuanjieyiqiekeyituanjiedeliliang。zaizhangqidegeming、jianshe、gaigeguochengzhong,yijingjiechengyouzhongguogongchandanglingdaode,yougeminzhudangpaihegerenmintuanticanjiade,baokuoquantishehuizhuyilaodongzhe、shehuizhuyishiyedejianshezhe、yonghushehuizhuyideaiguozhe、yonghuzuguotongyihezhiliyuzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdeaiguozhedeguangfandeaiguotongyizhanxian,zheigetongyizhanxianjiangjixugongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyishiyouguangfandaibiaoxingdetongyizhanxianzuzhi,guoqufahuilezhongyaodelishizuoyong,jinhouzaiguojiazhengzhishenghuo、shehuishenghuoheduiwaiyouhaohuodongzhong,zaijinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe、weihuguojiadetongyihetuanjiededouzhengzhong,jiangjinyibufahuitadezhongyaozuoyong。zhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuohezhengzhixieshangzhidujiangzhangqicunzaihefazhan。


IM电竞   zhonghuarenmingongheguoshiquanguogezurenmingongtongdizaodetongyideduominzuguojia。pingdengtuanjiehuzhuhexiedeshehuizhuyiminzuguanxiyijingqueli,bingjiangjixujiaqiang。zaiweihuminzutuanjiededouzhengzhong,yaofanduidaminzuzhuyi,zhuyaoshidahanzuzhuyi,yeyaofanduidifangminzuzhuyi。guojiajinyiqienuli,cujinquanguogeminzudegongtongfanrong。


  zhongguogeming、jianshe、gaigedechengjiushitongshijierenmindezhichifenbukaide。zhongguodeqiantushitongshijiedeqiantujinmidilianxizaiyiqide。zhongguojianchidulizizhudeduiwaizhengce,jianchihuxiangzunzhongzhuquanhelingtuwanzheng、hubuqinfan、hubugansheneizheng、pingdenghuli、hepinggongchudewuxiangyuanze,jianchihepingfazhandaolu,jianchihuligongyingkaifangzhanlve,fazhantonggeguodewaijiaoguanxihejingji、wenhuajiaoliu,tuidonggoujianrenleimingyungongtongti;jianchifanduidiguozhuyi、baquanzhuyi、zhiminzhuyi,jiaqiangtongshijiegeguorenmindetuanjie,zhichibeiyapominzuhefazhanzhongguojiazhengquheweihuminzuduli、fazhanminzujingjidezhengyidouzheng,weiweihushijiehepinghecujinrenleijinbushiyeernuli。


  benxianfayifalvdexingshiquerenlezhongguogezurenminfendoudechengguo,guidingleguojiadegenbenzhiduhegenbenrenwu,shiguojiadegenbenfa,juyouzuigaodefalvxiaoli。quanguogezurenmin、yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhi,doubixuyixianfaweigenbendehuodongzhunze,bingqiefuyouweihuxianfazunyan、baozhengxianfashishidezhize。


一章 总纲


IM电竞   diyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshigongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzhengdeshehuizhuyiguojia。


IM电竞   shehuizhuyizhidushizhonghuarenmingongheguodegenbenzhidu。zhongguogongchandanglingdaoshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizuibenzhidetezheng。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenpohuaishehuizhuyizhidu。


IM电竞   diertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeyiqiequanlishuyurenmin。


IM电竞   renminxingshiguojiaquanlidejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahui。


  renminyizhaofalvguiding,tongguogezhongtujinghexingshi,guanliguojiashiwu,guanlijingjihewenhuashiye,guanlishehuishiwu。


IM电竞   disantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeguojiajigoushixingminzhujizhongzhideyuanze。


IM电竞   quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidouyouminzhuxuanjuchansheng,duirenminfuze,shourenminjiandu。


IM电竞   guojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguan、jianchajiguandouyourenmindaibiaodahuichansheng,duitafuze,shoutajiandu。


IM电竞   zhongyanghedifangdeguojiajigouzhiquandehuafen,zunxunzaizhongyangdetongyilingdaoxia,chongfenfahuidifangdezhudongxing、jijixingdeyuanze。


IM电竞   disitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogeminzuyilvpingdeng。guojiabaozhanggeshaoshuminzudehefadequanliheliyi,weihuhefazhangeminzudepingdengtuanjiehuzhuhexieguanxi。jinzhiduirenheminzudeqishiheyapo,jinzhipohuaiminzutuanjiehezhizaominzufenliedexingwei。


IM电竞   guojiagenjugeshaoshuminzudetedianhexuyao,bangzhugeshaoshuminzudiqujiasujingjihewenhuadefazhan。


  geshaoshuminzujujudedifangshixingquyuzizhi,shelizizhijiguan,xingshizizhiquan。geminzuzizhidifangdoushizhonghuarenmingongheguobukefenlidebufen。


  geminzudouyoushiyonghefazhanzijideyuyanwenzideziyou,douyoubaochihuozhegaigezijidefengsuxiguandeziyou。


  diwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshixingyifazhiguo,jiansheshehuizhuyifazhiguojia。


  guojiaweihushehuizhuyifazhidetongyihezunyan。


  yiqiefalv、xingzhengfaguihedifangxingfaguidoubudetongxianfaxiangdichu。


  yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhidoubixuzunshouxianfahefalv。yiqieweifanxianfahefalvdexingwei,bixuyuyizhuijiu。


  renhezuzhihuozhegerendoubudeyouchaoyuexianfahefalvdetequan。


IM电竞   diliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeshehuizhuyijingjizhidudejichushishengchanziliaodeshehuizhuyigongyouzhi,jiquanminsuoyouzhihelaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhi。shehuizhuyigongyouzhixiaomierenboxuerendezhidu,shixinggejinsuoneng、anlaofenpeideyuanze。


  guojiazaishehuizhuyichujijieduan,jianchigongyouzhiweizhuti、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhandejibenjingjizhidu,jianchianlaofenpeiweizhuti、duozhongfenpeifangshibingcundefenpeizhidu。


IM电竞   diqitiao guoyoujingji,jishehuizhuyiquanminsuoyouzhijingji,shiguominjingjizhongdezhudaoliliang。guojiabaozhangguoyoujingjidegongguhefazhan。


  dibatiao nongcunjitijingjizuzhishixingjiatingchengbaojingyingweijichu、tongfenjiehedeshuangcengjingyingtizhi。nongcunzhongdeshengchan、gongxiao、xinyong、xiaofeidenggezhongxingshidehezuojingji,shishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。canjianongcunjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhe,youquanzaifalvguidingdefanweineijingyingziliudi、ziliushan、jiatingfuyehesiyangziliuchu。


IM电竞   chengzhenzhongdeshougongye、gongye、jianzhuye、yunshuye、shangye、fuwuyedengxingyedegezhongxingshidehezuojingji,doushishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。


IM电竞   guojiabaohuchengxiangjitijingjizuzhidehefadequanliheliyi,guli、zhidaohebangzhujitijingjidefazhan。


IM电竞   dijiutiao kuangzang、shuiliu、senlin、shanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantudengziranziyuan,doushuyuguojiasuoyou,jiquanminsuoyou;youfalvguidingshuyujitisuoyoudesenlinheshanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantuchuwai。


  guojiabaozhangziranziyuandeheliliyong,baohuzhenguidedongwuhezhiwu。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiziranziyuan。


IM电竞   dishitiao chengshidetudishuyuguojiasuoyou。


IM电竞   nongcunhechengshijiaoqudetudi,chuyoufalvguidingshuyuguojiasuoyoudeyiwai,shuyujitisuoyou;zhaijidiheziliudi、ziliushan,yeshuyujitisuoyou。


IM电竞   guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduitudishixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbingjiyubuchang。


IM电竞   renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeqinzhan、maimaihuozheyiqitaxingshifeifazhuanrangtudi。tudideshiyongquankeyiyizhaofalvdeguidingzhuanrang。


  yiqieshiyongtudidezuzhihegerenbixuhelidiliyongtudi。


  dishiyitiao zaifalvguidingfanweineidegetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingji,shishehuizhuyishichangjingjidezhongyaozuchengbufen。


  guojiabaohugetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingjidehefadequanliheliyi。guojiaguli、zhichiheyindaofeigongyouzhijingjidefazhan,bingduifeigongyouzhijingjiyifashixingjianduheguanli。


  dishiertiao shehuizhuyidegonggongcaichanshenshengbukeqinfan。


IM电竞   guojiabaohushehuizhuyidegonggongcaichan。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiguojiadehejitidecaichan。


IM电竞   dishisantiao gongmindehefadesiyoucaichanbushouqinfan。


IM电竞   guojiayizhaofalvguidingbaohugongmindesiyoucaichanquanhejichengquan。


  guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduigongmindesiyoucaichanshixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbingjiyubuchang。


IM电竞   dishisitiao guojiatongguotigaolaodongzhedejijixinghejishushuiping,tuiguangxianjindekexuejishu,wanshanjingjiguanlitizhiheqiyejingyingguanlizhidu,shixinggezhongxingshideshehuizhuyizerenzhi,gaijinlaodongzuzhi,yibuduantigaolaodongshengchanlvhejingjixiaoyi,fazhanshehuishengchanli。


  guojialixingjieyue,fanduilangfei。


  guojiahelianpaijileihexiaofei,jianguguojia、jitihegerendeliyi,zaifazhanshengchandejichushang,zhubugaishanrenmindewuzhishenghuohewenhuashenghuo。


  guojiajianlijianquantongjingjifazhanshuipingxiangshiyingdeshehuibaozhangzhidu。


IM电竞   dishiwutiao guojiashixingshehuizhuyishichangjingji。


IM电竞   guojiajiaqiangjingjilifa,wanshanhongguandiaokong。


  guojiayifajinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenraoluanshehuijingjizhixu。


IM电竞   dishiliutiao guoyouqiyezaifalvguidingdefanweineiyouquanzizhujingying。


  guoyouqiyeyizhaofalvguiding,tongguozhigongdaibiaodahuiheqitaxingshi,shixingminzhuguanli。


  dishiqitiao jitijingjizuzhizaizunshouyouguanfalvdeqiantixia,youdulijinxingjingjihuodongdezizhuquan。


  jitijingjizuzhishixingminzhuguanli,yizhaofalvguidingxuanjuhebamianguanlirenyuan,juedingjingyingguanlidezhongdawenti。


  dishibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoyunxuwaiguodeqiyeheqitajingjizuzhihuozhegerenyizhaozhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdeguidingzaizhongguotouzi,tongzhongguodeqiyehuozheqitajingjizuzhijinxinggezhongxingshidejingjihezuo。


  zaizhongguojingneidewaiguoqiyeheqitawaiguojingjizuzhiyijizhongwaihezijingyingdeqiye,doubixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。tamendehefadequanliheliyishouzhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdebaohu。


  dishijiutiao guojiafazhanshehuizhuyidejiaoyushiye,tigaoquanguorenmindekexuewenhuashuiping。


  guojiajubangezhongxuexiao,pujichudengyiwujiaoyu,fazhanzhongdengjiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyuhegaodengjiaoyu,bingqiefazhanxueqianjiaoyu。


IM电竞   guojiafazhangezhongjiaoyusheshi,saochuwenmang,duigongren、nongmin、guojiagongzuorenyuanheqitalaodongzhejinxingzhengzhi、wenhua、kexue、jishu、yewudejiaoyu,gulizixuechengcai。


IM电竞   guojiagulijitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhiheqitashehuililiangyizhaofalvguidingjubangezhongjiaoyushiye。


IM电竞   guojiatuiguangquanguotongyongdeputonghua。


IM电竞   diershitiao guojiafazhanzirankexueheshehuikexueshiye,pujikexuehejishuzhishi,jianglikexueyanjiuchengguohejishufamingchuangzao。


  diershiyitiao guojiafazhanyiliaoweishengshiye,fazhanxiandaiyiyaohewoguochuantongyiyao,gulihezhichinongcunjitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhihejiedaozuzhijubangezhongyiliaoweishengsheshi,kaizhanqunzhongxingdeweishenghuodong,baohurenminjiankang。


  guojiafazhantiyushiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdetiyuhuodong,zengqiangrenmintizhi。


IM电竞   diershiertiao guojiafazhanweirenminfuwu、weishehuizhuyifuwudewenxueyishushiye、xinwenguangbodianshishiye、chubanfaxingshiye、tushuguanbowuguanwenhuaguanheqitawenhuashiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdewenhuahuodong。


  guojiabaohumingshengguji、zhenguiwenwuheqitazhongyaolishiwenhuayichan。


IM电竞   diershisantiao guojiapeiyangweishehuizhuyifuwudegezhongzhuanyerencai,kuodazhishifenzideduiwu,chuangzaotiaojian,chongfenfahuitamenzaishehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshezhongdezuoyong。


  diershisitiao guojiatongguopujilixiangjiaoyu、daodejiaoyu、wenhuajiaoyu、jilvhefazhijiaoyu,tongguozaichengxiangbutongfanweidequnzhongzhongzhidinghezhixinggezhongshouze、gongyue,jiaqiangshehuizhuyijingshenwenmingdejianshe。


  guojiachangdaoshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,tichangaizuguo、airenmin、ailaodong、aikexue、aishehuizhuyidegongde,zairenminzhongjinxingaiguozhuyi、jitizhuyiheguojizhuyi、gongchanzhuyidejiaoyu,jinxingbianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyidejiaoyu,fanduizibenzhuyide、fengjianzhuyideheqitadefuxiusixiang。


IM电竞   diershiwutiao guojiatuixingjihuashengyu,shirenkoudezengzhangtongjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaxiangshiying。


IM电竞   diershiliutiao guojiabaohuhegaishanshenghuohuanjingheshengtaihuanjing,fangzhiwuranheqitagonghai。


  guojiazuzhihegulizhishuzaolin,baohulinmu。


  diershiqitiao yiqieguojiajiguanshixingjingjiandeyuanze,shixinggongzuozerenzhi,shixinggongzuorenyuandepeixunhekaohezhidu,buduantigaogongzuozhilianghegongzuoxiaolv,fanduiguanliaozhuyi。


IM电竞   yiqieguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanbixuyikaorenmindezhichi,jingchangbaochitongrenmindemiqielianxi,qingtingrenmindeyijianhejianyi,jieshourenmindejiandu,nuliweirenminfuwu。


IM电竞   guojiagongzuorenyuanjiuzhishiyingdangyizhaofalvguidinggongkaijinxingxianfaxuanshi。


  diershibatiao guojiaweihushehuizhixu,zhenyapanguoheqitaweihaiguojiaanquandefanzuihuodong,zhicaiweihaishehuizhian、pohuaishehuizhuyijingjiheqitafanzuidehuodong,chengbanhegaizaofanzuifenzi。


IM电竞   diershijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodewuzhuangliliangshuyurenmin。taderenwushigongguguofang,dikangqinlve,baoweizuguo,baoweirenmindehepinglaodong,canjiaguojiajiansheshiye,nuliweirenminfuwu。


  guojiajiaqiangwuzhuangliliangdegeminghua、xiandaihua、zhengguihuadejianshe,zengqiangguofangliliang。


IM电竞   disanshitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodexingzhengquyuhuafenruxia:


  (yi)quanguofenweisheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi;


  (er)sheng、zizhiqufenweizizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shi;


  (san)xian、zizhixianfenweixiang、minzuxiang、zhen。


IM电竞   zhixiashihejiaodadeshifenweiqu、xian。zizhizhoufenweixian、zizhixian、shi。


IM电竞   zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandoushiminzuzizhidifang。


IM电竞   disanshiyitiao guojiazaibiyaoshideshelitebiexingzhengqu。zaitebiexingzhengquneishixingdezhiduanzhaojutiqingkuangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyifalvguiding。


IM电竞   disanshiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuzaizhongguojingneidewaiguorendehefaquanliheliyi,zaizhongguojingneidewaiguorenbixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。


  zhonghuarenmingongheguoduiyuyinweizhengzhiyuanyinyaoqiubinandewaiguoren,keyijiyushoubihudequanli。


二章 公民的基本权利和义务


IM电竞   disanshisantiao fanjuyouzhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiderendoushizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmin。


IM电竞   zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaifalvmianqianyilvpingdeng。


  guojiazunzhonghebaozhangrenquan。


IM电竞   renhegongminxiangyouxianfahefalvguidingdequanli,tongshibixulvxingxianfahefalvguidingdeyiwu。


IM电竞   disanshisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguonianmanshibazhousuidegongmin,bufenminzu、zhongzu、xingbie、zhiye、jiatingchushen、zongjiaoxinyang、jiaoyuchengdu、caichanzhuangkuang、juzhuqixian,douyouxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquan;danshiyizhaofalvbeiboduozhengzhiquanliderenchuwai。


IM电竞   disanshiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyanlun、chuban、jihui、jieshe、youxing、shiweideziyou。


  disanshiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouzongjiaoxinyangziyou。


  renheguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegerenbudeqiangzhigongminxinyangzongjiaohuozhebuxinyangzongjiao,budeqishixinyangzongjiaodegongminhebuxinyangzongjiaodegongmin。


IM电竞   guojiabaohuzhengchangdezongjiaohuodong。renherenbudeliyongzongjiaojinxingpohuaishehuizhixu、sunhaigongminshentijiankang、fangaiguojiajiaoyuzhidudehuodong。


IM电竞   zongjiaotuantihezongjiaoshiwubushouwaiguoshilidezhipei。


  disanshiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderenshenziyoubushouqinfan。


IM电竞   renhegongmin,feijingrenminjianchayuanpizhunhuozhejuedinghuozherenminfayuanjueding,bingyougonganjiguanzhixing,bushoudaibu。


IM电竞   jinzhifeifajujinheyiqitafangfafeifaboduohuozhexianzhigongminderenshenziyou,jinzhifeifasouchagongmindeshenti。


  disanshibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderengezunyanbushouqinfan。jinzhiyongrenhefangfaduigongminjinxingwuru、feibanghewugaoxianhai。


  disanshijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindezhuzhaibushouqinfan。jinzhifeifasouchahuozhefeifaqinrugongmindezhuzhai。


IM电竞   disishitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimishoufalvdebaohu。chuyinguojiaanquanhuozhezhuichaxingshifanzuidexuyao,yougonganjiguanhuozhejianchajiguanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxuduitongxinjinxingjianchawai,renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeyirenheliyouqinfangongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimi。


  disishiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminduiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuan,youtichupipinghejianyidequanli;duiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuandeweifashizhixingwei,youxiangyouguanguojiajiguantichushensu、konggaohuozhejianjudequanli,danshibudeniezaohuozhewaiqushishijinxingwugaoxianhai。


  duiyugongmindeshensu、konggaohuozhejianju,youguanguojiajiguanbixuchaqingshishi,fuzechuli。renherenbudeyazhihedajibaofu。


IM电竞   youyuguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanqinfangongminquanliershoudaosunshideren,youyizhaofalvguidingqudepeichangdequanli。


  disishiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoulaodongdequanliheyiwu。


IM电竞   guojiatongguogezhongtujing,chuangzaolaodongjiuyetiaojian,jiaqianglaodongbaohu,gaishanlaodongtiaojian,bingzaifazhanshengchandejichushang,tigaolaodongbaochouhefulidaiyu。


  laodongshiyiqieyoulaodongnenglidegongmindeguangrongzhize。guoyouqiyehechengxiangjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhedouyingdangyiguojiazhurenwengdetaiduduidaizijidelaodong。guojiatichangshehuizhuyilaodongjingsai,jianglilaodongmofanhexianjingongzuozhe。guojiatichanggongmincongshiyiwulaodong。


IM电竞   guojiaduijiuyeqiandegongminjinxingbiyaodelaodongjiuyexunlian。


IM电竞   disishisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguolaodongzheyouxiuxidequanli。


  guojiafazhanlaodongzhexiuxihexiuyangdesheshi,guidingzhigongdegongzuoshijianhexiujiazhidu。


  disishisitiao guojiayizhaofalvguidingshixingqiyeshiyezuzhidezhigongheguojiajiguangongzuorenyuandetuixiuzhidu。tuixiurenyuandeshenghuoshoudaoguojiaheshehuidebaozhang。


  disishiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzainianlao、jibinghuozhesangshilaodongnenglideqingkuangxia,youcongguojiaheshehuihuodewuzhibangzhudequanli。guojiafazhanweigongminxiangshouzheixiequanlisuoxuyaodeshehuibaoxian、shehuijiujiheyiliaoweishengshiye。


  guojiaheshehuibaozhangcanfeijunrendeshenghuo,fuxulieshijiashu,youdaijunrenjiashu。


  guojiaheshehuibangzhuanpaimang、long、yaheqitayoucanjidegongmindelaodong、shenghuohejiaoyu。


  disishiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoushoujiaoyudequanliheyiwu。


  guojiapeiyangqingnian、shaonian、ertongzaipinde、zhili、tizhidengfangmianquanmianfazhan。


  disishiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoujinxingkexueyanjiu、wenxueyishuchuangzuoheqitawenhuahuodongdeziyou。guojiaduiyucongshijiaoyu、kexue、jishu、wenxue、yishuheqitawenhuashiyedegongmindeyouyiyurenmindechuangzaoxinggongzuo,jiyigulihebangzhu。


IM电竞   disishibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguofunvzaizhengzhide、jingjide、wenhuade、shehuidehejiatingdeshenghuodenggefangmianxiangyoutongnanzipingdengdequanli。


  guojiabaohufunvdequanliheliyi,shixingnannvtonggongtongchou,peiyanghexuanbafunvganbu。


  disishijiutiao hunyin、jiating、muqinheertongshouguojiadebaohu。


  fuqishuangfangyoushixingjihuashengyudeyiwu。


IM电竞   fumuyoufuyangjiaoyuweichengnianzinvdeyiwu,chengnianzinvyoushanyangfuzhufumudeyiwu。


IM电竞   jinzhipohuaihunyinziyou,jinzhinvedailaoren、funvheertong。


IM电竞   diwushitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi。


  diwushiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaixingshiziyouhequanlideshihou,budesunhaiguojiade、shehuide、jitideliyiheqitagongmindehefadeziyouhequanli。


  diwushiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuguojiatongyihequanguogeminzutuanjiedeyiwu。


  diwushisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminbixuzunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,aihugonggongcaichan,zunshoulaodongjilv,zunshougonggongzhixu,zunzhongshehuigongde。


IM电竞   diwushisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuzuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyideyiwu,budeyouweihaizuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyidexingwei。


  diwushiwutiao baoweizuguo、dikangqinlveshizhonghuarenmingongheguomeiyigegongmindeshenshengzhize。


  yizhaofalvfubingyihecanjiaminbingzuzhishizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindeguangrongyiwu。


  diwushiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyizhaofalvnashuideyiwu。


第三章 国家机构


IM电竞   diyijie quanguorenmindaibiaodahui


  diwushiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuishizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguan。tadechangshejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhui。


  diwushibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshiguojialifaquan。


  diwushijiutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyousheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi、tebiexingzhengquhejunduixuanchudedaibiaozucheng。geshaoshuminzudouyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。


  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjuyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhuchi。


  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。


  diliushitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。


IM电竞   quanguorenmindaibiaodahuirenqijiemandelianggeyueyiqian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。ruguoyudaobunengjinxingxuanjudefeichangqingkuang,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyiquantizuchengrenyuandesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo,keyituichixuanju,yanzhangbenjiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuiderenqi。zaifeichangqingkuangjieshuhouyiniannei,bixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。


IM电竞   diliushiyitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyimeinianjuxingyici,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhaoji。ruguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyao,huozheyouwufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,keyilinshizhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyi。


  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuijuxinghuiyideshihou,xuanjuzhuxituanzhuchihuiyi。


  diliushiertiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixingshixialiezhiquan:


  (yi)xiugaixianfa;


IM电竞   (er)jianduxianfadeshishi;


  (san)zhidinghexiugaixingshi、minshi、guojiajigoudeheqitadejibenfalv;


  (si)xuanjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;


  (wu)genjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidetiming,juedingguowuyuanzongliderenxuan;genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingguowuyuanfuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhangderenxuan;


IM电竞   (liu)xuanjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxi;genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;


IM电竞   (qi)xuanjuguojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhuren;


  (ba)xuanjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhang;


  (jiu)xuanjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhang;


IM电竞   (shi)shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuahejihuazhixingqingkuangdebaogao;


  (shiyi)shenchahepizhunguojiadeyusuanheyusuanzhixingqingkuangdebaogao;


  (shier)gaibianhuozhechexiaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding;


  (shisan)pizhunsheng、zizhiquhezhixiashidejianzhi;


IM电竞   (shisi)juedingtebiexingzhengqudeshelijiqizhidu;


  (shiwu)juedingzhanzhenghehepingdewenti;


IM电竞   (shiliu)yingdangyouzuigaoguojiaquanlijiguanxingshideqitazhiquan。


  diliushisantiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanbamianxialierenyuan:


IM电竞   (yi)zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;


  (er)guowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhang;


  (san)zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxihezhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuan;


  (si)guojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhuren;


  (wu)zuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhang;


  (liu)zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhang。


IM电竞   diliushisitiao xianfadexiugai,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuozhewufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,bingyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo。


  falvheqitayianyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodeguobanshutongguo。


  diliushiwutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:


  weiyuanzhang,


IM电竞   fuweiyuanzhangruoganren,


  mishuzhang,


  weiyuanruoganren。


  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzhong,yingdangyoushidangmingedeshaoshuminzudaibiao。


IM电竞   quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。


  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。


  diliushiliutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,taxingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchuxindechangwuweiyuanhuiweizhi。


IM电竞   weiyuanzhang、fuweiyuanzhanglianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。


IM电竞   diliushiqitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshixialiezhiquan:


IM电竞   (yi)jieshixianfa,jianduxianfadeshishi;


  (er)zhidinghexiugaichuyingdangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvyiwaideqitafalv;


  (san)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvjinxingbufenbuchonghexiugai,danshibudetonggaifalvdejibenyuanzexiangdichu;


  (si)jieshifalv;


IM电竞   (wu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、guojiayusuanzaizhixingguochengzhongsuobixuzuodebufendiaozhengfangan;


  (liu)jianduguowuyuan、zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui、guojiajianchaweiyuanhui、zuigaorenminfayuanhezuigaorenminjianchayuandegongzuo;


  (qi)chexiaoguowuyuanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvxiangdichudexingzhengfagui、juedinghemingling;


  (ba)chexiaosheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiguojiaquanlijiguanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvhexingzhengfaguixiangdichudedifangxingfaguihejueyi;


  (jiu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingbuzhang、weiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhangderenxuan;


  (shi)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;


IM电竞   (shiyi)genjuguojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhurendetiqing,renmianguojiajianchaweiyuanhuifuzhuren、weiyuan;


  (shier)genjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminfayuanfuyuanzhang、shenpanyuan、shenpanweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshifayuanyuanzhang;


IM电竞   (shisan)genjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminjianchayuanfujianchazhang、jianchayuan、jianchaweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshijianchayuanjianchazhang,bingqiepizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiderenminjianchayuanjianchazhangderenmian;


  (shisi)juedingzhuwaiquanquandaibiaoderenmian;


  (shiwu)juedingtongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxiedingdepizhunhefeichu;


  (shiliu)guidingjunrenhewaijiaorenyuandexianjizhiduheqitazhuanmenxianjizhidu;


  (shiqi)guidinghejuedingshouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao;


  (shiba)juedingteshe;


  (shijiu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,ruguoyudaoguojiazaoshouwuzhuangqinfanhuozhebixulvxingguojijiangongtongfangzhiqinlvedetiaoyuedeqingkuang,juedingzhanzhengzhuangtaidexuanbu;


IM电竞   (ershi)juedingquanguozongdongyuanhuozhejubudongyuan;


IM电竞   (ershiyi)juedingquanguohuozhegebiesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijinrujinjizhuangtai;


IM电竞   (ershier)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuishouyudeqitazhiquan。


IM电竞   diliushibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanzhangzhuchiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidegongzuo,zhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuiyi。fuweiyuanzhang、mishuzhangxiezhuweiyuanzhanggongzuo。


  weiyuanzhang、fuweiyuanzhang、mishuzhangzuchengweiyuanzhanghuiyi,chuliquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezhongyaorichanggongzuo。


IM电竞   diliushijiutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。


  diqishitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuisheliminzuweiyuanhui、xianfahefalvweiyuanhui、caizhengjingjiweiyuanhui、jiaoyukexuewenhuaweishengweiyuanhui、waishiweiyuanhui、huaqiaoweiyuanhuiheqitaxuyaoshelidezhuanmenweiyuanhui。zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,gezhuanmenweiyuanhuishouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidelingdao。


IM电竞   gezhuanmenweiyuanhuizaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuilingdaoxia,yanjiu、shenyihenidingyouguanyian。


  diqishiyitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyaodeshihou,keyizuzhiguanyutedingwentidediaochaweiyuanhui,bingqiegenjudiaochaweiyuanhuidebaogao,zuochuxiangyingdejueyi。


  diaochaweiyuanhuijinxingdiaochadeshihou,yiqieyouguandeguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegongmindouyouyiwuxiangtatigongbiyaodecailiao。


IM电竞   diqishiertiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaohequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuan,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxufenbietichushuyuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhiquanfanweineideyian。


  diqishisantiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuikaihuiqijian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzaichangwuweiyuanhuikaihuiqijian,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxutichuduiguowuyuanhuozheguowuyuangebu、geweiyuanhuidezhixunan。shouzhixundejiguanbixufuzedafu。


IM电竞   diqishisitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiao,feijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyizhuxituanxuke,zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijianfeijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixuke,bushoudaibuhuozhexingshishenpan。


  diqishiwutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuigezhonghuiyishangdefayanhebiaojue,bushoufalvzhuijiu。


  diqishiliutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaobixumofandizunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,bingqiezaizijicanjiadeshengchan、gongzuoheshehuihuodongzhong,xiezhuxianfahefalvdeshishi。


  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyingdangtongyuanxuanjudanweiherenminbaochimiqiedelianxi,tingquhefanyingrenmindeyijianheyaoqiu,nuliweirenminfuwu。


  diqishiqitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu。yuanxuanjudanweiyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianbendanweixuanchudedaibiao。


  diqishibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuzhihegongzuochengxuyoufalvguiding。


  dierjie zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi


IM电竞   diqishijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxiyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanju。


IM电竞   youxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquandenianmansishiwuzhousuidezhonghuarenmingongheguogongminkeyibeixuanweizhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi。


IM电竞   zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuximeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。


  dibashitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxigenjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuidejuedinghequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,gongbufalv,renmianguowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhang,shouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao,fabutesheling,xuanbujinrujinjizhuangtai,xuanbuzhanzhengzhuangtai,fabudongyuanling。


  dibashiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidaibiaozhonghuarenmingongheguo,jinxingguoshihuodong,jieshouwaiguoshijie;genjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,paiqianhezhaohuizhuwaiquanquandaibiao,pizhunhefeichutongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxieding。


  dibashiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxixiezhuzhuxigongzuo。


IM电竞   zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxishouzhuxideweituo,keyidaixingzhuxidebufenzhiquan。


  dibashisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxixingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchudezhuxi、fuzhuxijiuzhiweizhi。


  dibashisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxiqueweideshihou,youfuzhuxijirenzhuxidezhiwei。


  zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxiqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan。


  zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxidouqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan;zaibuxuanyiqian,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanzhangzanshidailizhuxizhiwei。


  disanjie guowuyuan


  dibashiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguowuyuan,jizhongyangrenminzhengfu,shizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shizuigaoguojiaxingzhengjiguan。


  dibashiliutiao guowuyuanyouxialierenyuanzucheng:


  zongli,


  fuzongliruoganren,


  guowuweiyuanruoganren,


  gebubuzhang,


  geweiyuanhuizhuren,


  shenjizhang,


  mishuzhang。


IM电竞   guowuyuanshixingzonglifuzezhi。gebu、geweiyuanhuishixingbuzhang、zhurenfuzezhi。


  guowuyuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。


  dibashiqitiao guowuyuanmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。


  zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuanlianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。


  dibashibatiao zonglilingdaoguowuyuandegongzuo。fuzongli、guowuweiyuanxiezhuzongligongzuo。


  zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、mishuzhangzuchengguowuyuanchangwuhuiyi。


  zonglizhaojihezhuchiguowuyuanchangwuhuiyiheguowuyuanquantihuiyi。


  dibashijiutiao guowuyuanxingshixialiezhiquan:


  (yi)genjuxianfahefalv,guidingxingzhengcuoshi,zhidingxingzhengfagui,fabujuedinghemingling;


  (er)xiangquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuozhequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitichuyian;


IM电竞   (san)guidinggebuhegeweiyuanhuiderenwuhezhize,tongyilingdaogebuhegeweiyuanhuidegongzuo,bingqielingdaobushuyugebuhegeweiyuanhuidequanguoxingdexingzhenggongzuo;


  (si)tongyilingdaoquanguodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandegongzuo,guidingzhongyanghesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashideguojiaxingzhengjiguandezhiquandejutihuafen;


IM电竞   (wu)bianzhihezhixingguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaheguojiayusuan;


IM电竞   (liu)lingdaoheguanlijingjigongzuohechengxiangjianshe、shengtaiwenmingjianshe;


IM电竞   (qi)lingdaoheguanlijiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyuhejihuashengyugongzuo;


  (ba)lingdaoheguanliminzheng、gongan、sifaxingzhengdenggongzuo;


IM电竞   (jiu)guanliduiwaishiwu,tongwaiguodijietiaoyuehexieding;


  (shi)lingdaoheguanliguofangjiansheshiye;


  (shiyi)lingdaoheguanliminzushiwu,baozhangshaoshuminzudepingdengquanliheminzuzizhidifangdezizhiquanli;


  (shier)baohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi;


IM电竞   (shisan)gaibianhuozhechexiaogebu、geweiyuanhuifabudebushidangdemingling、zhishiheguizhang;


  (shisi)gaibianhuozhechexiaodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandebushidangdejuedinghemingling;


IM电竞   (shiwu)pizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidequyuhuafen,pizhunzizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shidejianzhihequyuhuafen;


  (shiliu)yizhaofalvguidingjuedingsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidefanweineibufendiqujinrujinjizhuangtai;


IM电竞   (shiqi)shendingxingzhengjigoudebianzhi,yizhaofalvguidingrenmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhengrenyuan;


  (shiba)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuishouyudeqitazhiquan。


  dijiushitiao guowuyuangebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhurenfuzebenbumendegongzuo;zhaojihezhuchibuwuhuiyihuozheweiyuanhuihuiyi、weiwuhuiyi,taolunjuedingbenbumengongzuodezhongdawenti。


  gebu、geweiyuanhuigenjufalvheguowuyuandexingzhengfagui、jueding、mingling,zaibenbumendequanxiannei,fabumingling、zhishiheguizhang。


IM电竞   dijiushiyitiao guowuyuanshelishenjijiguan,duiguowuyuangebumenhedifanggejizhengfudecaizhengshouzhi,duiguojiadecaizhengjinrongjigouheqiyeshiyezuzhidecaiwushouzhi,jinxingshenjijiandu。


IM电竞   shenjijiguanzaiguowuyuanzonglilingdaoxia,yizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,bushouqitaxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。


  dijiushiertiao guowuyuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo;zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。


IM电竞   disijie zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui


  dijiushisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuilingdaoquanguowuzhuangliliang。


  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:


  zhuxi,


  fuzhuxiruoganren,


  weiyuanruoganren。


IM电竞   zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuishixingzhuxifuzezhi。


  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。


  dijiushisitiao zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。


  diwujie difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfu


IM电竞   dijiushiwutiao sheng、zhixiashi、xian、shi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenshelirenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。


  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfudezuzhiyoufalvguiding。


IM电竞   zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianshelizizhijiguan。zizhijiguandezuzhihegongzuogenjuxianfadisanzhangdiwujie、diliujieguidingdejibenyuanzeyoufalvguiding。


  dijiushiliutiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishidifangguojiaquanlijiguan。


  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishelichangwuweiyuanhui。


  dijiushiqitiao sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxiayijiderenmindaibiaodahuixuanju;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxuanminzhijiexuanju。


  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。


IM电竞   dijiushibatiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。


  dijiushijiutiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuizaibenxingzhengquyunei,baozhengxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguidezunshouhezhixing;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,tongguohefabujueyi,shenchahejuedingdifangdejingjijianshe、wenhuajianshehegonggongshiyejianshedejihua。


IM电竞   xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishenchahepizhunbenxingzhengquyuneideguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、yusuanyijitamendezhixingqingkuangdebaogao;youquangaibianhuozhechexiaobenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding。


  minzuxiangderenmindaibiaodahuikeyiyizhaofalvguidingdequanxiancaiqushiheminzutediandejuticuoshi。


  diyibaitiao sheng、zhixiashiderenmindaibiaodahuihetamendechangwuweiyuanhui,zaibutongxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguixiangdichudeqiantixia,keyizhidingdifangxingfagui,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。


  shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuihetamendechangwuweiyuanhui,zaibutongxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguihebensheng、zizhiqudedifangxingfaguixiangdichudeqiantixia,keyiyizhaofalvguidingzhidingdifangxingfagui,baobensheng、zizhiqurenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushixing。


IM电竞   diyibailingyitiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuifenbiexuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjirenminzhengfudeshengzhanghefushengzhang、shizhanghefushizhang、xianzhanghefuxianzhang、quzhanghefuquzhang、xiangzhanghefuxiangzhang、zhenzhanghefuzhenzhang。


  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjijianchaweiyuanhuizhuren、benjirenminfayuanyuanzhanghebenjirenminjianchayuanjianchazhang。xuanchuhuozhebamianrenminjianchayuanjianchazhang,xubaoshangjirenminjianchayuanjianchazhangtiqinggaijirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhun。


  diyibailingertiao sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouxuanmindejiandu。


IM电竞   difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjudanweihexuanminyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianyoutamenxuanchudedaibiao。


  diyibailingsantiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouzhuren、fuzhurenruoganrenheweiyuanruoganrenzucheng,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。


  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianbenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。


  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。


  diyibailingsitiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitaolun、juedingbenxingzhengquyuneigefangmiangongzuodezhongdashixiang;jiandubenjirenminzhengfu、jianchaweiyuanhui、renminfayuanherenminjianchayuandegongzuo;chexiaobenjirenminzhengfudebushidangdejuedinghemingling;chexiaoxiayijirenmindaibiaodahuidebushidangdejueyi;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxianjuedingguojiajiguangongzuorenyuanderenmian;zaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,bamianhebuxuanshangyijirenmindaibiaodahuidegebiedaibiao。


IM电竞   diyibailingwutiao difanggejirenminzhengfushidifanggejiguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shidifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguan。


  difanggejirenminzhengfushixingshengzhang、shizhang、xianzhang、quzhang、xiangzhang、zhenzhangfuzezhi。


IM电竞   diyibailingliutiao difanggejirenminzhengfumeijierenqitongbenjirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。


IM电竞   diyibailingqitiao xianjiyishangdifanggejirenminzhengfuyizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidejingji、jiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye、chengxiangjiansheshiyehecaizheng、minzheng、gongan、minzushiwu、sifaxingzheng、jihuashengyudengxingzhenggongzuo,fabujuedinghemingling,renmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhenggongzuorenyuan。


  xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenminzhengfuzhixingbenjirenmindaibiaodahuidejueyiheshangjiguojiaxingzhengjiguandejuedinghemingling,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidexingzhenggongzuo。


  sheng、zhixiashiderenminzhengfujuedingxiang、minzuxiang、zhendejianzhihequyuhuafen。


IM电竞   diyibailingbatiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfulingdaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudegongzuo,youquangaibianhuozhechexiaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudebushidangdejueding。


  diyibailingjiutiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfushelishenjijiguan。difanggejishenjijiguanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,duibenjirenminzhengfuheshangyijishenjijiguanfuze。


  diyibaiyishitiao difanggejirenminzhengfuduibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfuzaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。


IM电竞   difanggejirenminzhengfuduishangyijiguojiaxingzhengjiguanfuzebingbaogaogongzuo。quanguodifanggejirenminzhengfudoushiguowuyuantongyilingdaoxiadeguojiaxingzhengjiguan,doufucongguowuyuan。


  diyibaiyishiyitiao chengshihenongcunanjuminjuzhudiqushelidejuminweiyuanhuihuozhecunminweiyuanhuishijicengqunzhongxingzizhizuzhi。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuidezhuren、fuzhurenheweiyuanyoujuminxuanju。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuitongjicengzhengquandexianghuguanxiyoufalvguiding。


  juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuisherenmindiaojie、zhianbaowei、gonggongweishengdengweiyuanhui,banlibenjuzhudiqudegonggongshiwuhegongyishiye,diaojieminjianjiufen,xiezhuweihushehuizhian,bingqiexiangrenminzhengfufanyingqunzhongdeyijian、yaoqiuhetichujianyi。


IM电竞   diliujie minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguan


  diyibaiyishiertiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanshizizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。


IM电竞   diyibaiyishisantiao zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuizhong,chushixingquyuzizhideminzudedaibiaowai,qitajuzhuzaibenxingzhengquyuneideminzuyeyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。


  zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhongyingdangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanrenzhurenhuozhefuzhuren。


  diyibaiyishisitiao zizhiquzhuxi、zizhizhouzhouzhang、zizhixianxianzhangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanren。


  diyibaiyishiwutiao zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhijiguanxingshixianfadisanzhangdiwujieguidingdedifangguojiajiguandezhiquan,tongshiyizhaoxianfa、minzuquyuzizhifaheqitafalvguidingdequanxianxingshizizhiquan,genjubendifangshijiqingkuangguanchezhixingguojiadefalv、zhengce。


  diyibaiyishiliutiao minzuzizhidifangderenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanyizhaodangdiminzudezhengzhi、jingjihewenhuadetedian,zhidingzizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli。zizhiqudezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao。zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoshenghuozhezizhiquderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao,bingbaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。


  diyibaiyishiqitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyouguanlidifangcaizhengdezizhiquan。fanshiyizhaoguojiacaizhengtizhishuyuminzuzizhidifangdecaizhengshouru,douyingdangyouminzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudianpaishiyong。


IM电竞   diyibaiyishibatiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaiguojiajihuadezhidaoxia,zizhudianpaiheguanlidifangxingdejingjijiansheshiye。


  guojiazaiminzuzizhidifangkaifaziyuan、jiansheqiyedeshihou,yingdangzhaoguminzuzizhidifangdeliyi。


  diyibaiyishijiutiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudiguanlibendifangdejiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye,baohuhezhengliminzudewenhuayichan,fazhanhefanrongminzuwenhua。


  diyibaiershitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyizhaoguojiadejunshizhiduhedangdideshijixuyao,jingguowuyuanpizhun,keyizuzhibendifangweihushehuizhiandegonganbudui。


IM电竞   diyibaiershiyitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaizhixingzhiwudeshihou,yizhaobenminzuzizhidifangzizhitiaolideguiding,shiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongyuyanwenzi。


  diyibaiershiertiao guojiacongcaizheng、wuzi、jishudengfangmianbangzhugeshaoshuminzujiasufazhanjingjijianshehewenhuajiansheshiye。


  guojiabangzhuminzuzizhidifangcongdangdiminzuzhongdaliangpeiyanggejiganbu、gezhongzhuanyerencaihejishugongren。


IM电竞   diqijie jianchaweiyuanhui


  diyibaiershisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogejijianchaweiyuanhuishiguojiadejianchajiguan。


IM电竞   diyibaiershisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguosheliguojiajianchaweiyuanhuihedifanggejijianchaweiyuanhui。


  jianchaweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:


  zhuren,


  fuzhurenruoganren,


  weiyuanruoganren。


  jianchaweiyuanhuizhurenmeijierenqitongbenjirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。guojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhurenlianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。


IM电竞   jianchaweiyuanhuidezuzhihezhiquanyoufalvguiding。


IM电竞   diyibaiershiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiajianchaweiyuanhuishizuigaojianchajiguan。


IM电竞   guojiajianchaweiyuanhuilingdaodifanggejijianchaweiyuanhuidegongzuo,shangjijianchaweiyuanhuilingdaoxiajijianchaweiyuanhuidegongzuo。


  diyibaiershiliutiao guojiajianchaweiyuanhuiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejijianchaweiyuanhuiduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanheshangyijijianchaweiyuanhuifuze。


  diyibaiershiqitiao jianchaweiyuanhuiyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshijianchaquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。


IM电竞   jianchajiguanbanlizhiwuweifahezhiwufanzuianjian,yingdangyushenpanjiguan、jianchajiguan、zhifabumenhuxiangpeihe,huxiangzhiyue。


IM电竞   dibajie renminfayuanherenminjianchayuan


  diyibaiershibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminfayuanshiguojiadeshenpanjiguan。


  diyibaiershijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminfayuan、difanggejirenminfayuanhejunshifayuandengzhuanmenrenminfayuan。


IM电竞   zuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。


  renminfayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。


  diyibaisanshitiao renminfayuanshenlianjian,chufalvguidingdetebieqingkuangwai,yilvgongkaijinxing。beigaorenyouquanhuodebianhu。


IM电竞   diyibaisanshiyitiao renminfayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenpanquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。


  diyibaisanshiertiao zuigaorenminfayuanshizuigaoshenpanjiguan。


  zuigaorenminfayuanjiandudifanggejirenminfayuanhezhuanmenrenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo,shangjirenminfayuanjianduxiajirenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo。


IM电竞   diyibaisanshisantiao zuigaorenminfayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminfayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanfuze。


  diyibaisanshisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminjianchayuanshiguojiadefalvjiandujiguan。


  diyibaisanshiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminjianchayuan、difanggejirenminjianchayuanhejunshijianchayuandengzhuanmenrenminjianchayuan。


  zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。


  renminjianchayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。


IM电竞   diyibaisanshiliutiao renminjianchayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshijianchaquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。


  diyibaisanshiqitiao zuigaorenminjianchayuanshizuigaojianchajiguan。


  zuigaorenminjianchayuanlingdaodifanggejirenminjianchayuanhezhuanmenrenminjianchayuandegongzuo,shangjirenminjianchayuanlingdaoxiajirenminjianchayuandegongzuo。


IM电竞   diyibaisanshibatiao zuigaorenminjianchayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminjianchayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanheshangjirenminjianchayuanfuze。


  diyibaisanshijiutiao geminzugongmindouyouyongbenminzuyuyanwenzijinxingsusongdequanli。renminfayuanherenminjianchayuanduiyubutongxiaodangditongyongdeyuyanwenzidesusongcanyuren,yingdangweitamenfanyi。


IM电竞   zaishaoshuminzujujuhuozheduominzugongtongjuzhudediqu,yingdangyongdangditongyongdeyuyanjinxingshenli;qisushu、panjueshu、bugaoheqitawenshuyingdanggenjushijixuyaoshiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongwenzi。


IM电竞   diyibaisishitiao renminfayuan、renminjianchayuanhegonganjiguanbanlixingshianjian,yingdangfengongfuze,huxiangpeihe,huxiangzhiyue,yibaozhengzhunqueyouxiaodizhixingfalv。


四章 国旗、国歌、国徽、首都


  diyibaisishiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguoqishiwuxinghongqi。


  zhonghuarenmingongheguoguogeshi《yiyongjunjinxingqu》。


  diyibaisishiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguohui,zhongjianshiwuxingzhaoyaoxiadetiananmen,zhouweishigusuihechilun。


  diyibaisishisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshoudoushibeijing。